Wilfrid E. Reid  (1884 - 1973)

Wilfrid Ewart Reid, PGA       

Golf Professional, International Competitor and Golf Course Designer


Wilfrid Reid accomplished a great deal to advance the game of golf in his lifetime.  Look at the reach of golf today largely as a result of the energy and dedication of his generation, the generation that sparked the Golden Age of Golf in America, the vast international growth of the sport and "the resulting goodwill that golf engenders throughout much of the world".  This was his often stated dream.  

                                                                                                                         By Bill Zmistowski, Grandson

                                                        BIOGRAPHY OF A GOLF PIONEER 


                                                                November 19, 2019





BORN November 3, 1884 in Bulwell, Nottinghamshire, England  

DIED  November 24, 1973 in West Palm Beach, Florida, USA   


Wilfrid E. Reid was one of the pioneer British professional golfers that brought the game over during what is known in America as the "Golden Age of Golf".  [1] [2] [18]   He distinguished himself in golf as a leading international competitor, head professional at outstanding private clubs including RCF La Boulie in Versailles, Seminole GC in Florida, Bansted Downs in London and as an exceptional golf instructor.  Yet, during his career designed or altered over 100 golf courses as well in France, Belgium, England, Canada and the United States.  Reid was in many ways a true renaissance man not to mention a prolific pioneer as golf spread from Scotland into the rest of the British Isles, then throughout America. [11]   

Reid's Golden Age legacy the Old Course at Indianwood Golf and Country Club in Michigan, the original RCF de la Boulie Valley Course in Versailles, Royal GC de Belgique Old Course in Brussels, Olympic Club Lakeside Course in San Francisco and Pebble Beach Golf Links where he co-designed the routing plan are among his recognized golf course designs that repeatedly host national championships. 

Early Years

Wilfrid Reid was a protege of Harry Vardon, one of golf's greatest icons. [7]

He was mentored by Vardon at a very young age. [8]   As such he was eventually afforded the opportunity to associate with as well as compete against Britain's golfing immortals, Vardon,  J.H. Taylor and James Braid know as The Great Triumvirate.  During this era of golf history Wilfrid quickly developed as an excellent British professional golfer.

Wilfrid was originally from the parish of Bulwell on the edge of the Sherwood Forest north of Nottingham. The Reid's were a multigenerational golf family of Scottish decent.  He began playing golf and caddying at age 5 at the original Notts Golf Club where his family played as artisans.   

Young Reid served his apprenticeship with Willie Park Jnr., another great golfer in history, learning golf course design at The Edinburgh Burgess Golfing Society in Scotland. [44]  

As a teenager he was sent to Edinburgh for a few years by his artisans club for training initially to learn golf ball and club making, then with Park Jnr. learning golf course design.  Royal Burgess Golfing Society of Edinburgh is widely recognized as the oldest golfing society in the world dating back to 1735.  At the turn of the 20th century Edinburgh Burgess undoubtedly offered Wilfrid excellent, expert training for young aspiring apprentices to develop their knowledge and skills in the various professions of golf.  This was the era of rapid expansion of Scotland's ancient game of golf into England, Wales, Ireland and Northern Ireland.  

The Parks of Musselburgh were famous golfers, architects and club makers.  Willie Park, Snr. won the first (British) Open Championship in 1860. [29]   Willie Park Jnr was twice Open Champion and became a prolific, trend-setting golf course architect, Sunningdale Old Course in England among his most notable early designs.  He designed 170 golf courses in the British Isles and North America including Maidstone and Olympia Fields.

At age 14 Wilfrid had watched Harry Vardon play an exhibition match and decided then he would like to become a professional golfer. [  ]   By age 15 he was assistant golf professional at his home course in Bulwell.  In 1901 at age 17, after his apprenticeship he was referred by Vardon to the Seacroft Golf Club for his first head golf professional position. [7] [8]   Seacroft Club at Skegness on the east coast of England had strong ties to his hometown, Nottingham, in middle England. [6]  Teenage Wilfrid Reid was proudly known as "The Skegness Professional". [  ]

Harry Vardon then referred Reid to the Racing Club de France for the head golf professional position at La Boulie in Versailles where he remained for several years (circa 1902-1907) assisting this renown Parisian athletic club establish their golf program.  RCF de la Boulie was founded in 1901.  Wilfrid Reid designed La Vallee course ca 1902-03 together with La Boulie's head greenkeeper, M. Tellier, and possibly in collaboration with Willie Park, Jnr. who later remodeled the course.  However, RCF de la Boulie has indicated they no longer have records of this period as the Nazi's occupied the clubhouse and destroyed all of the club's records during WWII.  Reid was the club's second head golf professional following Arnaud Massy.  

While living in France he competed in Belgium, Switzerland, Germany and France as well as at home in Scotland and England.  During this time he was actively engaged in designing golf courses principally in France and Belgium.  In 1906 he wed Stella Toft of Bulwell Nottinghamshire and returned to England in 1908 as the head golf professional at Banstead Downs in the south of London one of England's finest downland clubs.


Competitive Golf Record

As a competitive professional golfer Reid completed 72 holes in 19 British and U.S. Opens (10 British beginning at age 18 and 9 U.S. Opens).  He held the lead 5 times in the U.S. Open, tied for 10th in 1915 at Baltusrol and tied Walter Hagen and John McDermott for 4th in the 1916 U.S. Open at Minikahda.  In 1917 and 1918 the U.S. Open was suspended due to WWI but he was medalist in the substitute 1918 Red Cross war benefit tournament at Inwood CC in New York.  

Reid played in approximately 57 National Opens.  He won the 1904 Swiss Open, 1905 French Professional Championship (forerunner of the 1906 inaugural French Open both at La Boulie) and the Windsor Ontario Open in Canada He also played in the Belgian and Germans Opens, defeated Gene Sarazen to win the 1924 Augusta Open, won the 1926 Michigan PGA Championship and many other touranments and matches in England and Scotland. 

In England Reid had won the Midland Open, the Midland Challenge Cup and many others.  He was a member of the English team in the International Matches against Scotland with a very good record for years, a member of the professional team in the 1911 Coronation Matches, etc.  

Wilfrid Reid was well known in his day as a great player of challenge matches and exhibition matches for years in both Great Britain and America.  He rarely lost, beat his mentor, Vardon, and the other members of golf's Great Triumvirant on a few occasions.  By 1913 Wilfrid had become a renown international competitor.   

Introduction to the United States

Harry Vardon, Ted Ray, Wilfrid Reid and Louis Tellier sailed to Boston together to compete in the 1913 United States Open at The Country Club in Brookline.  The Boston Globe newspaper headlines referred to this as the 'British Invasion'. [46 ]  In the first round Reid tied with Harry Vardon at 75. [33]

Of course young American amateur, Francis Ouimet, won this defining championship.  Reid shared the 36 hole lead with Vardon at 147.  In the third round Wilfrid was paired with Ouimet. [2] [  ] [42}  In the fourth round he faltered as a result of injuries sustained in an infamous altercation with Ted Ray the night before in their hotel dining room at the Copley Plaza and finished tied for 16th.  In 1915 he tied for 10th at Baltusrol.  Then in the 1916 U.S. Open he was tied for the lead with Chick Evans after 45 holes and finished in a tie for 4th.  After Brookline in 1913 Vardon, Reid and Ted Ray traveled the East Coast as planned playing exhibition matches against the likes of Walter Hagen, Tommy Armour, Freddie McCloud, Johnny McDermott and other American golf professionals before returning home to London.  His venture to America to promote the game of golf was financed by a leading British golf equipment company.

At that time Reid was the head professional at Banstead Downs Golf Club in the London Borough of Sutton, Surrey, the home club of Sir Winston Churchill, where he remained for 7 seasons (1908-1914).  As a distinguished club professional he was at the very top of his profession in England and involved in all aspects of British professional golf including teaching, championship golf, war benefit fund-raising and active participation in the newly formed British PGA.  He continued designing and remodeling golf courses, especially in France during this phase of his career and he authored the 4th chapter entitled "The Use of the Mashie" in Harry Vardon's book, Success At Golf. [12]   

Wilfrid tied Vardon for the 1911 Tooting Beck Cup hosted by Banstead Downs GC, but lost the 18 hole playoff shooting 78 to Vardon's 76.  While the golf professional at Banstead Downs Wilfrid gave many lessons to members of the club not the least of which was Sir Winston Churchill himself.

Career in America

With the onset of WWI in 1914 the British golf pros were more willing to consider emigrating to America.  Clarence H. Geist of Philadelphia had recruited Wilfrid to move his family to the United States from London.  Then in 1915 he finally agreed and became the golf professional at the new Seaview Country Club in Absecon, New Jersey. [9]  Seaview was the weekend club for Philadelphians.  Since appearing in the 1913 US Open Reid had turned down three offers from America but eventually accepted the appointment to Seaview, thus beginning the greater Philadelphia area segment of his career.  Wilfrid's older brother, Arthur, his brother-in-laws Louis Tellier and George Blagg also made the voyage at various times and each initially served as first assistants at Ardsley-on-Hudson in New York when they came over.                        

Seaview was described as a beautiful new Scottish links-like course.  It was designed by Hugh Wilson and Donald Ross in 1914, located in the natural seaside landscape with dramatic seaside views and site of the 1942 PGA Championship.  It is now The Bay Course at the Stockton Seaview Resort in New Jersey and hosts the ShopRite LPGA Classic.            

 ......add Ed Oliver Golf Club

Subsequently, Wilfrid became the club professional at Wilmington CC in Delaware at the behest of Irenee du Pont I, then president of the DuPont Company.  This was part of a well publicized three-way move by Reid, Gil Nicholls and Jolly Jim Fraser swapping jobs.  Wilfrid went to Wilmingotn CC for about 7 years, Fraser went to Seaview and Nicholls to Great Neck on Long Island.       

Once in America he immediately returned to golf course design on the East Coast and in 1916-17 ventured west to San Francisco as a recognized British golf course design expert and championship professional golfer with 2 recent top 10 finishes in the US Open.  In California Reid designed the original Olympic Club Lakeside Course in association with Walter Fouraque and designed the original 18 hole routing plan for Pebble Beach Golf Links then known as the Del Monte Hotel's new No. 2 course in association with James Donaldson, a fellow golf pro from the Philadelphia area.  [39] [40] [41]  

Reid's career in America as a club professional included positions at some of this countries's finest clubs and top resorts not the least of which was Country Club of Detroit in Grosse Pointe Farms, Michigan, Seminole Golf Club in Juno Beach, Florida,  Atlantic City Country Club, The Broadmoor Golf Club in Colorado, The General Ogelthorp Hotel in Savannah and of course at Indianwood Club outside of Detroit.  He was also the winter teaching pro at other excellent clubs including St. Augustine CC and La Gorce CC in north Miami Beach.  

Career in Michigan

Upon acceptance of the position at Country Club of Detroit in the early 1920's Wilfrid Reid quickly transitioned to being one of Michigan's leading golf professionals along with Walter Hagen, Al Watrous, Harry Hampton, et al.  He was a major figure in Michigan golf, a prolific golf course designer during the golf boom in the Roaring 20's designing many courses throughout the state and beyond, winner of the 1926 Michigan PGA Championship, president of the Michigan PGA and a respected club professional in the mainstream of Michigan's "Golden Age of Golf".   

As a naturalized citizen, he was a member of America's team in the precursor to the Ryder Cup.  Wilfrid Reid, colleagues Walter Hagen and team traveled to Scotland in 1921 to represent America in the First International Professional Golf Match between Great Britain and America at Gleneagles Kings Course.  This was the forerunner of the official Ryder Cup Matches.  [43 ]

Reid is best remembered for his golf course design work.  The Golden Age Wilfrid Reid course at Indianwood Club is where he brought true Scottish links-inspired "heathland" golf course design to Michigan.  He designed many excellent courses during this era of the growth of golf in America and in Michigan.  His design career included the original Olympic Club Lakeside Course in San Francisco, the original routing of Pebble Beach Links on Carmel Bay, RCF de La Boulie Valley Course in Versailles, remodeling the original nine hole seaside links course at Seacroft GC in England and other outstanding golf courses on two continents.  It was the design of Indianwood's "Golden Age" golf course located in Lake Orion, Michigan that was his personal legacy to the game of golf.      

The Indianwood Club

Wilfrid's apprenticeship with Willie Park, Jnr. at Edinburgh Burgess in 1901 occurred immediately after Park had completed design of the highly respected Old Course at Sunningdale outside of London which opened circa 1900-01.  Sunningdale-Old was recognized as the earliest outstanding inland course located on open, undulating sandy, sparsely vegetated natural heathland far from the coastal linksland.   It was well known for shifting the game from the seacoast to inland sites, and as such,  was a trend setting design in the ...evolution of golf

In the 1930's Indianwood was ranked one of the top 10 clubs in America. *

Indianwood Old Course has been the site of some historic golf in America, serving as the host of major national and state championships.  In 1930 Gene Sarazen won Western Open at Indianwood.   The Club hosted the 2012 Senior U.S. Open, 1989 and '94 U.S. Womens Opens, as well as Michigan Opens and Michigan PGA Championships won by leading amateurs and professional golfers of the Golden Age.  

Wilfrid was a co-founder of Indianwood Club in 1925 with the land owner and banker, Frank W. Blair, possibly a sweet equity investor, the head golf professional and the designer of the golf course now known as the Old Course, a classic heathland links-like golf course located in a rare open, undulating sandy area in the woods north of Detroit, Michigan.  Essentially in the prime of his career this was Wilfrid Reid's inspired vision and a lifetime opportunity for him.  He had a large house built across the street from the entrance to the club. [21]   Indianwood Club was a highly respected, demanding championship venue from the outset, drawing praise and the attention of the Western Golf Association.

The 1930 Western Open was held at Indianwood with great success.  In those days the Western Open was the third major in the world following the U.S. Open and British Open.  

The Indianwood Club notes the following:

"The spotlight of the golf world turned to the little village of Lake Orion in 1930 when the Western Golf                Association brought the third largest tournament in the world to Indianwood".

Indianwood was immediately recognized as an excellent test of golf suitable for competition at the highest level.  Soon after the course opened Indianwood served as the venue for the 1927 Michigan PGA and the 1928 Michigan Open won by amateur George Von Elm. [31]   Michigan Opens and PGA Championships won by the likes of Walter Hagen, Horton Smith, Chick Harbert and others have been played there over the years.

Walter Hagen, Tommy Armour and Horton Smith played at Indianwood on a regular basis.  Ed Furgol, the 1954 U. S. Open Champion, developed and refined his game there.  Perhaps Indianwood's most noteworthy feature is it's St. Andrews Old Course-like 18th green, which at approximately 21,000 square feet, was one of the largest putting surfaces in the United States. [16]

Indianwood Club was a victim of the Great Depression and taken over by the Union Guardian Bank of Detroit. 

Since it's rebirth after a long recovery from the devastating effects of the Stock Market Crash and Great Depression of the 1930's Indianwood has hosted U.S. Women's Opens and U.S. Senior Open Championships under the exceptional leadership and nurturing of the club's new owner, B. Standart Aldridge

Mr. Aldridge was solely responsible for the great rebirth of Indianwood beginning in the 1980's.  He took on the monumental challenge to restore and inhance Indianwood's rich traditions and return the club to it's original place in the upper echelon of the world of golf.  

"We became caretakers of a unique and unrecognized piece of history. We wanted to make Indianwood more appealing so people could see it for what it was originally and is now again. There is great pride for my family and the membership to be part of history like this. We are all proud of this grand old club."

Aldridge commissioned a few restorations of the Old Course that revived Reid's classic Scottish links-inspired "heathland" design with it's excellent greens complexes.  The Aldridge's built a second links-like 18 hole course designed by Bob Cupp and Jerry Pate to compliment the Old Course.  Subsequently, it was Frank Hannigan, the executive director of the USGA, that recognized Indianwood Old's exceptional resurrection as a classic, championship golf course of great significance.  As a result of Hannigan's wisdom, Wilfrid E. Reid was rediscovered as a consequential golf course architect along with A. W. Tillinghast and perhaps others.

         Planet Golf description of Indianwood-Old on 7/18/18:

Indianwood is an historic treasure dating back to the 1920’s and the “Old” course is annually ranked in the top 100 classic golf courses in America. Indianwood has a proud history in which four major championships have been played on the “Old” course 1930 Western Open Gene Sarazen, 1989 Women’s US Open Betsy King, 1994 Women’s US Open Patty Sheehan and 2012 US Senior Open Roger Chapman. Today Indianwood provides its members with 36 championship holes of golf, world class clubhouse and a warm, friendly social environment.



Indianwood Old is now ranked 91st in Golfweek's 2019 Best 200 Classic Courses in America and 99th in Golf Magazine's Top 100 Courses in America.  An essential factor in these various rankings has been the fundamental fact that Indianwood is a challenging test of golf.

At Indianwood Reid partnered with family friend, prominent turf farm owner and golf course construction contractor from Grosse Ile, William Connellan, to design and build the Old Course.  Mr. Reid was the designer and Mr. Connellan was the builder.  Reid sculpted all 18 holes in plasticine (clay) on a board(s), used little sticks and yarrow for trees, pieces of glass for the lakes and real sand mixed with glue for the "traps".  Then the clay models were taken to Detroit to be scaled and transposed into accurate drawings by draftsmen for use by the WM. CONNELLAN COMPANY's construction crew. [14] [32]  In those days teams of horses were used by the construction crew to do the grading and sculpting (shaping) of the ground.  Reid's advertisement in the Program when the 1930 Western Open was held at Indianwood read  "W. E. REID - ARCHITECT AND DESIGNER OF INDIANWOOD COURSE AND MANY OTHER FINE GOLF COURSES IN AMERICA AND ABROAD." [38]  Together, the Reid and Connellan design-build partnership went on to create many new courses predominately in the state during the booming years of golf course construction in the 1920's.  Connellan had previously worked as a golf course superintendent in New York and as a construction superintendent for Donald Ross.  

The Reid and Connellan partnership was a very successful golf course design partnerships in Michigan during the 1920's Golden Age.  They designed & built approximately 20 of the 89 new courses in the state at that time and remodeled many others not the least which were original Bendelow, Colt and Alison courses.

Golf Course Design

W. E. Reid was involved in the design of over 100 golf courses beginning in 1901. [15]   For over a century Wilfrid Reid-original designs, his collaborations, remodeled, renovated or redesigned golf courses have hosted many national open championships and continue to do so.  These courses include Pebble Beach Golf Links, Indianwood Old Course, Olympic Club Lake Course, original Broadmoor East Course, Plum Hollow CC, Tam O'Shanter CC, Royal GC de Belgique (Ravenstein) in Brussels, and the La Vallee Course at Racing Club de France site of 20 French Opens.  Some of these courses are still frequently listed in annual top 100 rankings including his personal legacy at Indianwood.

Eventually, Reid estimated his total golf course design work numbered approximately 58 new and 43 remodeled or altered courses in France, Belgium, England, Canada and across the United States.  This is testament to the fact that while he was primarily a club professional and did not have a formal education in the arts and sciences, engineering or agronomy, he did have the essential personal skills, vision, inspiration, creativity, ability to draw and the best possible training, tutoring and roll models necessary to design a golf course on raw land, to envision and create strategic land forms, oversee and communicate this to the workers in the field.  His life in England, training in Scotland, occurred during a period of rapid expansion of the game of golf into England, Wales, Ireland and Northern Ireland at the turn of the 19th century. 

During Wilfrid's early life he was surrounded by role models like James Braid, who alone designed 300-400 golf courses strictly in the British Isles, J.H. Taylor, Seymour Dunn, Willie Park Jnr. and was even indirectly influenced by the legendary Old Tom Morris at Barnton.  In addition, Wilfrid E. Reid had the benefit of repeated exposure to and developed an understanding of the best golf courses in the golf world as a competitor in the British Open on classic Scottish and English links and heathland courses.  Then played in the U. S. Open for another 19 years on America's finest golf courses. 

Reid designed La Vallee Course at La Boulie in France ca.1902-03 where he was assisted by M. Tellier, the golf course greenkeeper at La Boulie, and his son Louis Tellier who went on to become the French Open Champion ( as well as Reid's brother-in-law ).  La Boulie was the venue of the Open de France beginning with the inaugural in 1906.  

Circa 1904-05 Reid designed Royal Belgique Club de Golf Old Course at Ravenstein in Brussels for King Leopold II while he was the head golf professional at La Boulie (The Racing Club of France) in Versailles where he had given lessons to King Leopold II.  There is every indication that Reid was assisted in Brussels by La Boulie's greenkeeper, M. Tellier, father of his new brother-in-law, Louis Tellier[22] [23] [24] 

At various times Reid may have occasionally participated in design collaborations with Willie Park, Seymour Dunn, Tom Dunn, Tom Simpson or J.H. Taylor, possibly even Vardon, Braid, Ted Ray, etc. on golf course designs or remodeling in Great Britain and Europe.     

These design opportunities were, no doubt, the result of Wilfrid's background and training in Edinburgh, Scotland as apprentice to Willie Park, Jnr. and work on his first golf course design project ca 1901 remodeling Seacroft GC's original Tom Dunn-designed 9 hole seaside links at Skegness.  Seacroft is the only true seaside links on the east coast of England and Reid's only true links design endeavor. [27] [28] [45]  

A census record in Scotland documents the fact that in March of 1901 as a 16 year old from Bulwell, Reid was a boarder in a private residence in the Parish of Cramond, District of Edinburgh, evidence of Wilfrid's apprenticeship with Willie Park, Jnr. that year learning the fine points of golf course design at Edinburgh Burgess Golfing Society's new course at Barnton in Cramond, Midlothian which Park, Jnr. had recently designed.  The Barnton Estate land was analyzed by Old Tom Morris of St. Andrews, then Willie Park Jnr. was assigned to design the course. [10] [26]   

Coincidently, later during 1901 Park Jnr. worked near Wilfrid's home in north Nottinghamshire, England designing the new Notts Golf Club Hollinwell Course. [25] In 1902 the club moved from Wilfrid's home course, the original Notts Golf Club course in Bulwell, renamed Bulwell Forest Golf Club, to Willie Park Jnr.'s new Notts GC Hollinwell Course.  The Reids were longtime members of the artisans club at the old Notts-Bulwell Forest Golf Club, Nottingham's most historic golf course founded in 1887. [37]  The Bulwell Forest Artisans Club was founded in 1889, but the Reids had been playing there since it was just a 7 hole course.

Wilfrid's apprenticeship with Willie Park, Jnr. at Edinburgh Burgess in 1901 occurred immediately after Park had completed design of the highly respected Old Course at Sunningdale outside of London which opened circa 1900-01.  Sunningdale-Old was recognized as the earliest outstanding inland course located on open, undulating sandy, sparsely vegetated natural heathland far from the coastal linksland.   It was well known for shifting the game from the seacoast to inland sites, and as such, was a trend setting design in the evolution of golf. [30]   Wilfrid was presumably tutored on the newly evolving strategic design philosophy and features which Willie Park Jnr. was pioneering at Barnton and Sunningdale for inland properties inspired by but differing from the classic Scottish seaside links courses.  Ironically, this genre would describe Reid's outstanding, classic heathland-like design 24 years later for the golf course at Indianwood Club in Michigan on open sandy heathland-like, tree-less property located within the surrounding wooded forest at Blair Farm.  

The Barnton golf course in Scotland, where Wilfrid was originally tutored by Park Jnr. in 1900, was recognized as an early trend-setting inland course as well.  Up to that time golf courses were built along the classic coastal seaside linksland in the natural sand dunes of Scotland.  Inland heathland course design began during this time, the turn of the Century, in golf history.  Soon after Barnton Park Jnr. designed Sunningale Old, the first highly regarded early inland links-like heathland golf course located on rugged heathland type property in the middle of England.

When his design work is analyzed it is evident Wilfrid Reid was a product of this era in the evolution of golf course design during the turn of the nineteenth century and influenced by his tutor, Willie Park, Jnr.  Reid often employed heathland features and design philosophy especially for open or semi-barren heathland-like sites.  Examples of this include his 1917 Lakeside course design at The Olympic Club in San Francisco and the Old Course at Indianwood, where both were located on open, sandy, nearly treeless  "inland" sites and both golf course designs originally exhibited classic heathland-like character with very few trees. [35]  Reid's only known seaside links design experience was his first project, the remodeling of Tom Dunn's 9 hole Seacroft links at Skegness, virtually the only true seaside links on the east coast of England.  At Banstead Downs outside London where Reid spent seven significant years of his early career as the club professional, he remodeled the 1890 James Braid-designed "downland" course as well which was very much a "heathland-like" design built on chalky "downland" property.  By contrast, in America the beautiful, entirely turf, heavily tree-lined "parkland" golf course designs with water hazards were evolving in the new indigenous ecology of America.  However, at Indianwood Old, due to Reid's heathland design background, finding an open, undulating sandy site on the Blair Farm property to build a classic, championship heathland golf course was his objective.  This is apparent as the Old Course at Indianwood was surrounded by forests and lakes which he surely could have chosen for his site to design a parkland golf course.

Wilfrid Reid was a Class A PGA golf professional and frequent administrator.  He was one of the founders of the PGA of America that met in meetings at Minikahda in Minneapolis during the 1916 U. S. Open. [26]  He was one of the original members of the PGA of America in 1916 and involved in it's formation. [13]  He served on the National Executive Committee as vice president at large, vice-president in 1920 and 1921 and was a member of the organizing committee of the Philadelphia Section of the PGA. [34]  Wilfrid was a dedicated member and proudly served the PGA of America throughout his entire career in the United States.  

After retiring in the 1950's he was awarded a lifetime honorary membership in the PGA presented to him by his former assistant pro at Indianwood, Warren Orlick.  He served as president of the Michigan Section of the PGA in 1928-30, was inducted into the Michigan PGA Hall of Fame in 2015.  Prior to emigrating to America he was also an active member of the British PGA founded in 1901 in London, which he joined in 1902 at age 18.    

    In August of 1920 he was elected vice-president of the PGA of America and re-elected in 1921. 

He was one of the original members of the PGA of America, served on the National Executive Committee of the PGA of America as vice-president at large, vice-president in 1920 and 1921 and was a member of the organizing committee of the Philadelphia Section of the PGA of America.

Original Routing of the Pebble Beach Golf Links 

In 1916 Wilfrid Reid and golf professional James Donaldson were commissioned by Jack Neville and Douglas Grant to layout the proposed golf course for Pebble Beach Golf Links ( then known as the Hotel Del Monte CC No. 2 Course at Pebble Beach ). [39] [40] [41]

Reid and Donaldson analyzed the property and laid out six golf course routing plan options for the Pebble Beach site along Carmel Bay.  Neville and Grant selected one of the six options to build and  "the new Del Monte CC No.2 course was born". 

Using this selected routing plan the individual holes were designed in 1916-17 by and built at the direction of the two local California amateur championship golfers Neville and Grant with Neville taking the lead.  The course was completed in 1918 but officially opened in 1919. 

James Donaldson was a club pro in Chicago at the time and not a regular golf course designer (he eventually designed 1 or 2 courses).  Reid was in his 15th year designing golf courses in England, France, Belgium and America while a club pro as well.  Both had recent top 10 finishes in the U.S. Open.  Donaldson was originally from Aberdeen, Scotland, Reid recently from London.  In the past both had been head pros in France.  In his memoirs Reid listed challenge matches played against  Jim Donaldson when they were colleagues in the greater Philadelphia-New Jersey area.

Then, during 1920-23 Douglas Grant was instrumental in having W. Herbert Fowler of England, designer of Walton Heath GC, remodel and improve various holes and greens repeatedly, and adjust the course for the added distance of the new Haskel golf ball.  Fowler changed the 18th from a criticized par 4 to a challenging par 5.  [39]  [40]  [41] 

Pebble Beach Golf Links has since been consistently ranked in the Top 100 Courses in America and has hosted many U.S. Open Championships.

While working together Reid, Donaldson and Walter Fovargue also remodeled the old Del Monte CC No.1 course in early 1916 in preparation for the prestigious Western Golf Association Amateur Championship played there that summer.  Donaldson, then a Chicago pro,  was involved with the selection of Del Monte CC for this prestigious amateur championship. 

Design of The Olympic Club Lakeside Course

In 1917 Wilfrid Reid designed the original Lakeside Course at The Olympic Club in San Francisco, California. [21] [28]  He designed the course, originally the Lakeside Country Club, with the assistance of golf professional, Walter Fovargue, a colleague from Philadelphia who had moved to San Francisco.  Forvargue eventually designed a few courses himself in California and Japan.

Reid designed the Lakeside golf course on the open, almost treeless, undulating sandy inland coastal site which was suitable for the classic Scottish links-inspired heathland design character he envisioned and popular in the British Isles at the time. [35]   As a new resident in America, Reid was fresh from Great Britain where they were still in the era of new golf course development moving inland from the original coastal linksland often to sandy heathland sites selected inorder to maintain some of the classic linksland characteristics on new inland courses.  

A few years later (early 1920's) the Lakeside course was remodeled by W. Herbert Fowler of England, then again in 1924 by Willie Watson.  The course has been remodeled many times and many trees have been planted by the club's golf professional Sam Whiting,  Watson, Max Behr, Robert Trent  Jones, Sr. in the 1950's, Tom Weiskopf and Jay Morrish, Bill Love and possibly others. [20]  Now known as the Lake Course it is consistently ranked in the Top 100 Courses in America and has hosted many national championships for years including a number of the most historic U.S. Opens. [36] 

In 1918 Wilfrid was the medalist in the PGA Red Cross tournament, a substitute for the U. S. Open which had been canceled in 1917 and 18 due to WWI.  This was a war benefit professional tournament played at Inwood CC on Long Island in New York.  Unfortunately, the "renaissance man" seemed to be dealing with significant challenges in life such as both World Wars, the beginning of golf's various institutions, inaugural tournaments and national championships, the Depression in America, the significant demands of being a club pro and supporting his family at a time when the golf profession was just in it's infancy and evolving.  Fortunately for Wilfrid and his cohorts golf and the establishment of golf clubs was rapidly developing as a major institution and sport with great appeal, presenting them with many opportunities.  Donald Ross in fact is quoted as being aware of and thankful for these opportunities in America as a young man growing up in Scotland. [15]  And Walter Hagen is well known for his antics to open the possibilities for golf pros to be allowed to enter the clubhouse, thus aiding in establishing professional golf as a true, respected profession. 

Reid played for America in the inaugural forerunner of the Ryder Cup

On 6 June 1921 Wilfrid E. Reid of Wilmington CC played for America along with colleagues Walter Hagen and team in the First Professional International Golf Matches at The Glascow Herald Tournament between United States and Great Britain at Gleneagles Kings Course in Scotland. The British team included Harry Vardon, J.H. Taylor, Ted Ray and James Braid.  This was the unofficial founding of the Ryder Cup, renamed when Samuel Ryder donated the cup to the event in 1927.  Records indicate that Reid won his singles match against reigning British Open champion Arthur Havers in America's 10-1/2 to 4-1/2 loss to Great Britain. [43]  Earlier that year Wilfrid E. Reid had passed the U. S. citizenship test with high marks after having attended citizenship class, studying diligently and then proudly taking the Oath of Allegiance.  He was pronounced a naturalized citizen of the United States of America by the Circuit Court Judge, officially qualifying him to represent America at Gleneagles.  However, he was not eligible to be a member of the team in the official playing of the Ryder Cup in 1927 at Worcester CC due to a policy change requiring participants to have been born in the country of their team. 


The 1930 Western Open was held at Indianwood under Reid's direction as host club professional.  Soon thereafter, with the disasterous economy the Indianwood development failed, the Reids lost their new home at Indianwood. Thus, Reid's career in Michigan came to an end and he was forced to start over again.  Wilfrid, Stella and family moved to Chicago where he took a job as the teaching pro at Beverly Country Club in Chicago and also taught golf at Marshall Fields, a downtown department store, to make ends meet.

The Broadmoor Golf Club

A couple years later he was presented with a great opportunity to restore his career.  In 1934 Colorado Governor Will Nicholson went to Chicago to offer the head golf professional position at The Broadmoor to Wilfrid Reid. 

Reid then moved his family to Colorado after the Great Depression and became the head professional at The Broadmoor Hotel Golf Club, a relatively new, fabulous resort in Colorado Springs, Colorado.  He followed head professional Jimmy Thompson.  Reid remained at The Broadmoor for years, working with Mr. Penrose and the Tutts contributing his energy and considerable expertise to advancing the golf component of the resort to a new level.  Wilfrid did some remodeling of the original East Course.  He was a regular on the local tour playing events at Cherry Hills, Denver Country Club, Lakewood Country Club, Park Hill, Green Gables, The Broadmoor, City Park and Wellshire Country Club.  In those days Wilfrid was acquainted with Ben Hogan who frequently played in Colorado and "the Babe" Didrikson Zaharias.

In the 1930's The Broadmoor was forced to close during winter seasons and Reid was presented with the opportunity to become the head golf professional at Seminole Golf Club during the winter, concurrently with his summertime position at The Broadmoor.  

Seminole Golf Club

An exclusive seasonal golf club in South Florida, closed during the summer months, Seminole was designed by Donald Ross, considered one of the world's finest courses where Wilfrid's fellow pro, Ben Hogan, practiced for the British Open and is clearly one of the finest clubs in golf as well.  

Wilfrid Reid served the club well as the head pro following Gil Nichols.  Seminole is essentially a purist golf club and Wilfrid's talents as a fine golfer and exceptional instructor undoubtedly contributed to his success at Seminole, not to mention his manners as a proper English gentleman.  During winters he and his family stayed on property in the living quarters upstairs in the clubhouse provided for the golf professional.  His daughter, Joan, and family lived in a shack off the 6th hole for a short time in the early '40's.  

Wilfrid's time at Seminole served as an introduction to the Palm Beaches which would ultimately become his retirement home and that of his family.  As mentioned above, brother-in-law, George Blagg became the long-time golf professional at another fine club nearby, the Jupiter Island Club.  World War II Nazi submarines cruising along the Southeast Florida ocean coastline possibly played a role in the Reid's ultimate move inland, back to New Jersey.  The golf course and clubhouse at Seminole are partially in the sand dunes running along the beach.

His positions at Seminole and The Broadmoor were milestones in Wilfrid Reid's career.  

Atlantic City CC

Returning to the New Jersey area in the later years of his career, Reid became the head golf professional at Atlantic City CC in 1946 in preparation for the 1948 U.S. Womens Open Championship at ACC won by Babe Zaharias.  

The General Oglethorpe Hotel GC, then Gaylord CC and teaching in S. Fla.  

Once in America, Wilfrid was often referred to in the newspaper as a "British star" or "famed international golfer and instructor".  

In addition to his competitive accomplishments he was recognized as an outstanding golf instructor of kings, presidents, English ambassadors to France, many other famous personalities and he was passionate about his success teaching beginners, young and old, how to play golf.   

He once estimated that he had given lessons for over 300,000 hours.  Belgium's King Leopold II ( at La Boulie ), President Warren G. Harding ( at Seaview ), Winston Churchill and England's King Edward VIIl ( at Bansted Downs ),  Joyce Wethered, the Duke of Windsor, Dick Chapman, Michigan LPGA standout and granddaughter Pat Devany, Ohio Governor Cox ( at La Gorce ), Harvey Ward ( in San Francisco ), Rhonda Glenn ( at Palm Beach Par 3 ) and yours truely were among his thousands of pupils.  At La Boulie in Paris he also gave lessons to the mysterious Mr. Chesterfield ( the assumed name of England's King Edward VII ), many diplomats and possibly Baron Eduoard de Rothschild as well.   

Bobby Jones was one of Wilfrid's dear friends especially during their later years along with many of his fellow golf pros including Chick Harbert, Gardner Dickenson and others who eventually found themselves retired in South Florida. [17]  His lifelong personal friends included Leo Fraser, Warren Orlick, Chick Evans, Bertie (Ernest) Way,  J. H. Taylor, Walter Hagen, Charlie Mayo, "Long Jim Barnes", Tommy Armour, Herb Strong, Bobby Cruickshank, Gil Nicholls, Al Watrous, Jock Hutchison, Leo Diegel, Francis Ouimet and his caddie Eddie Lowery who eventually moved to San Francisco.  His older brother, Arthur E. Reid, was long-time golf professional at The CC of Farmington in Hartford, Connecticut, brother-in-laws Louis Tellier was at Brae Burn CC and Canoe Brook, George Blagg was the golf professional at Jupiter Island Club; son-in-law Joe Devany, a Michigan PGA Hall of Fame Inductee, at Grosse Ile Golf and Country Club on Grosse Ile.  Other close friends included Jack Elphick, Cyril Walker, Harvey Ward, Jack Burke, Dow Finsterwald and his former assistant Ed (Porky) Oliver.   

The Reid family ( original surname Read ) of Bulwell, Nottinghamshire, England were of Scottish descent.  

As a young boy Wilfrid caddied at the old Notts Golf Club and played golf with his father, Arthur E. Reid Sr., grandfather, Alfred Read, and his older brother Arthur Jr., who were noted golfers at old Notts Golf Club as members of the working class artisans club.  The old Notts GC was eventually renamed Bulwell Forest Links.  Beginning at age 15 the Bulwell Artisans at old Notts sent him to The Edinburgh Burgess Golfing Society in Edinburgh, Scotland to be an apprentice and learn golf club and gutta percha ball making.  Wilfrid often mentioned that he could make the most gutta perchas in one day.  He won the Bulwell Artisans Club tournament that year.  Then at age 16 he was sent to The Society in Edinburgh again to learn golf course design as an apprentice under Willie Park, Jnr.  Coincidently, Park Jnr. was designing the new Notts GC Hollinwell Course near Bulwell which opened in 1901. [1]  Reid turned professional at age 16 which in those days was done primarily to make or repair and sell golf clubs and golf balls.  His arch rival at home in Nottingham, beside his brother Arthur of course, was Tom Williamson of old and new Notts GC..  Ultimately, Wilfrid was a frequent winner in the Midlands while he was there with the exception of occasional losses to his brother Arthur, Williamson and members of the Great Triumvirate, Vardon, Braid and Taylor.  Wilfrid won the Midland Challenge Cup in 1910, 11, 12, 13 and 14, plus others such as the Sphere and Tater, etc.  He played for England in the International Matches against Scotland each year from 1906 to 1914 never losing a match and in the 1908 Coronation Matches as well.  He was frequently victorious in professional challenge matches which were very popular in that era of golf history. 

Wilfrid often talked of his admiration for the golf course at Cruden Bay.  He predicted that Arnold Palmer would never last with 'a swing like that'.  Of course Wilfrid had a very fluid, somewhat 'wristy' swing characteristic of the old hickory shaft era of golf.   Although a perfect English gentleman, Wilfrid was in the newspaper often with his occasionally flamboyant personal style characteristic of the golf professionals of that era ( ala Hagen, etc. ) in America.  When retired he provided Palm Beach Post Times sports writer, Bob Balfe, with plenty of material for years and of course greatly admired Arnie.  

One of his many insightful beliefs was revealed in a newspaper interview as follows... 

"To King, President or Pauper, golf is a leveler of all mankind.  It cultivates the finer innermost senses of men and places those in lowly places on a plain not exceeded by the highest.  It creates sooner or later, the one great definer, control of ones actions, words and balanced deeds.  Surely a great teacher." 

Retirement Years

After retiring in Ft. Pierce, then the Palm Beachs in South Florida he was fondly known as "Wilfie" at nearby PGA National (then JDM ) and frequently played in the PGA Seniors over in Dunedin, Fla., often bettering his age.  His shots were deadly accurate to the extent that he would play the break when hitting a 3 wood to the green.  He recorded at least 27 holes in one (36 as I recall ).  Brother-in-law, George Blagg, originally of Nottinghamshire also, became the oldest living member of the PGA of America living in Florida to the ripe old age of days short of 101 years of age.  As a boy George had worked in the coal mines of Nottinghamshire, but nonetheless obviously still survived the environmental attacks on his body and ultimately became a golf professional and the head professional at the Jupiter Island Club, one of the finest clubs in America, for years.  George Blagg designed the 9 hole addition to Donald Ross's initial 9 holes at Jupiter Island Club.

Eventually Reid was posthumously inducted into the Michigan Golf Hall of Fame in 1985 and the Michigan PGA Hall of Fame in 2015.  The Michigan PGA website writes this about him:

Wilfrid E. Reid, a world-class golfer and renowned golf course designer from England, visited the United States with golf legends Ted Ray and Harry Vardon in 1914 (actually 1913) to play in the U.S. Open Championship, and later emigrated and worked at several golf clubs as a professional, including Country Club of Detroit. He was one of the original members of the PGA of America, served on the National Executive Committee of the PGA of America as vice-president at large, vice-president in 1920 and 1921 and was a member of the organizing committee of the Philadelphia Section of the PGA of America. He was president of the Michigan Section from 1928-30.

As time passed Wilfrid Reid, one of the unheralded pioneering stars of the various Golden Ages of Golf, was largely forgotten until the recent movie was made featuring Wilfrid as one of the main characters in the book by Mark Frost and major motion picture The Greatest Game Ever Played,  the story of Vardon and Francis Ouimet in the 1913 United States Open Championship.  Of course Wilfrid actually did lead in 1913 at Brookline and was paired with Ouimet by the 3rd round;  however, Wilfrid was not an amateur golfer as portrayed in the movie.  

When an elderly man like Arnold Palmer, Wilfrid Reid, who had competed at the highest level in over 50 national open championships throughout Great Britain, Europe and America, simply loved to play golf.  So much so that he still played almost every day at the Palm Beach Par 3 in South Florida for many years, often with his grandsons and granddaughter.  What a great game this is!

And, we will never forget our Grandfather telling us he always believed... "the game of golf could be used to spread peace, goodwill and brotherly love worldwide."

Tournament Record:

Great Britain 

   The (British) Open Championship 1903, 1905, 1907-1914 *   [19]

        1903 - T53rd Prestwick

        1905 - T37th St. Andrews  (Versailles)

        1907 - T38th Hoylake  (Banstead Downs)

        1908 - T35th Prestwick  (Banstead Downs)

        1909 - 21st Deal, Royal Cinque Ports  (Banstead Downs)

        1910 - T24th St. Andrews  (Banstead Downs)

        1911 - T16th Sandwich in Royal St. Georges  (Banstead Downs)

        1912 - T20th Muirfield, Honorable Company  (Banstead Downs)

        1913 - 26th Hoylake Royal Liverpool  (Banstead Downs)            

        1914 - T41st Prestwick  (Banstead Downs)

        1915-1919  Canceled due to WWI

   1905 Montrose Open - Tied Harry Vardon, lost playoff *

   1906-1913 Professional International Matches England vs. Scotland 

                   - for England 10 wins,1 loss,1 halved *

   1906 Tooting Bec Cup - runner up to William Lonie at Ashford Manor *

   1911 Tooting Bec Cup - tied Harry Vardon, lost 18 hole playoff at Banstead Downs *

    Midland Challenge Cup - winner 1911, 12 and 13  (2nd 1902-09) *

    Midland Professional Championship - winner 1911 at Harborne *

    1911 Coronation Matches * 


    French Open 

          1905 - winner French Professional Championship at la Boulie *

                   (French Open inaugural in 1906 at la Boulie) 

           1912 - 13th *    

    Italian Open - winner ca 1905 ?

    Swiss Open - winner 1904 at Engadine GC    (Arthur Reid, Jr. winner 1905)

    German Open 

    Belgian Open 

    Dutch Open  ?

United States and Canada

    U. S. Open Championship *  [4]  

        1913 - T16th  Brookline  (Banstead Downs)

        1915 - T10th Baltusrol 

        1916 - T4th Minikahda  

        1917-1918 Cancelled due to WWI

        1919 - T21st Brae Burn

        1920 - T56th Inverness Club  

        1924 - T47 Oakland Hills

        1925 - T27 Worcester  (Indianwood)

        1927 - T48 Oakmont

        1932 - T49 Fresh Meadow

    Medalist in substitute PGA Red Cross Tournament at Inwood CC, NY 1918 *     

    PGA Championship  T9th 1919 *  (Reid upset in the semifinals by Jimmy West) ?

    1921 International Matches (Ryder Cup precursor) representing America *

    Ontario Open * winner ca 1922 - Essex G&CC ?

    Augusta Open - winner 1924  (defeated Gene Sarazen) *

    Michigan PGA Championship - winner 1926 *

    Southeast PGA Senior Champion - 1941-43 *

Golf  Courses designed by Wilfrid E. Reid:

     NEW COURSES  ( designed by W.E. Reid )


-  Windsor, Ontario * (ca 1917-19) possibly Essex G&CC with Bertie Way and Connellan  1927 ?


-  Garrets Hall Golf Club ( Garrett Hall, Manchester ?  ca 1910 ) 


-  Golf de Racing Club de France (La Vallee Course), La Boulie, Versailles, Ile-de-France (ca 1902-03) 

    with M. Tellier *  (Initial routing 1901 Park Jnr. ? )   ( R Seymour Dunn * )  R Willie Park Jnr. ? ) 

-  Golf de Cannes, La Napoule (ca 1905-06 ? ) *

-  Golf Club d'Aix les Bains, Aix-les-Bains, Savoy (1904) *

-  Ile de Berder du Golf, Brittany (ca 1906 ?) *

-  Pont St. Maxence du Golf, Pont-Sainte-Maxence (ca 1910's) *  for Barons Edouard de Rothschild ?

-  Golf de Morfontaine, Morfontaine (1913 Valliere Course 9 ) with Tom Simpson for Baron Rothschild ?

-  Vannes, Brittany ?

-  Golf Club de Lyon,      Barons Edouard de Rothschild ?

-  And others


-  Royal Golf Club de Belgique, Ravenstein ( Old Course ), Tervuren ( 1904-5)  for King Leopold II *

    likely with M. Tellier    ( R Seymour Dunn 1906 * and  R Tom Simpson ca 1920's * )

-  Antwep GC, Antwerp (with Seymour Dunn) for King Leapold II  ?

United States

-  Pebble Beach Golf Links-Del Monte CC No. 2  (original golf course routing 1916), Pebble Beach, CA 

    for Jack Neville and Douglas Grant, with James Donaldson  *  [39]  [40]  [41]

-  Olympic Club (original Lakeside Course), San Francisco, CA (1917) with Walter G. Fovargue * 

-  Indianwood Club (Old Course), Lake Orion, MI  (1925) with Connellan *

-  DuPont Country Club, Wilmington, DE (original 9 holes 1921) *  (Donald Ross added original 9 1924) *  

-  Wilmington Country Club now Ed Oliver GC, Wilmington, DE (ca 1917-1919 ) with Connellan *

   ( did not design current Wilmington Country Club course ? )

-  Greenhill Municipal Golf Course, Wilmington, DE (ca1920) * 

-  Newark Country Club, Newark, DE (1921) *  ( added 9 ? )

-  Brae Burn Golf Club, Plymouth, MI (1923) with Connellan *

-  Plymouth CC (now Fox Classic at Fox Hills Golf & Banquet Center) Plymouth, MI (1927) with Connellan * 

-  Harsens Island Golf Course, Harsens Island, MI (1926) with Connellan *

-  Bald Mountain Golf Course, Lake Orion, MI (1929) with Connellan * 

-  Black River Country Club, Port Huron, MI (1926)  with Connellan *   ( added 9 1922 ? )

-  Flushing Valley Country Club, Flushing, MI (1930) with Connellan * 

-  Port Huron Golf Club, Port Huron, MI  (added 9 1927) with Connellan * (R Newcomb ) * (Bendelow 1910)

    ( Anthony says C&A designed it in 1899 agholz@aol.com )

-  Port Huron Country Club, Fort Gratiot, MI (ca 1925) with Connellan *  

-  Bob O'Link, Novi, MI (1920's) with Connellan *   

-  West Chester, Ypsilanti, MI *

-  Indian River Golf Club ( originally Burt Lake GC ) Indian River, MI  (original 9 1922) with Connellan * 

-  Gaylord Country Club, Gaylord, MI (1924) *  with Connellan  


-  Orchard Lake Country Club, Orchard Lake, MI (1926) with Connellan   (Colt & Alison "Layout" ?  )

-  Indian Springs Golf Course, White Lake, MI  (1920's) 

-  Sunnybrook, Grand Rapids, MI (1920's) with Connellan *

-  Water's Edge Golf Course, Grosse Ile, MI (9 hole course commissioned by Wm. S. Knudsen) *

-  Hawthorne Valley GC (now Warren Valley GC), Dearborn, MI (1923) with Connellan 

-  Twin Beach Golf, Riding and Country Club, West Bloomfield, MI (1929 original 9) * with Connellan ?  

-  Edgewood Country Club, Commerce, MI (1928) with Ernest ( Bertie ) Way ?  ( & Connellan ? )

-  Birmingham Country Club, Birmingham, MI (1916) *  ( Tom Bendelow 1920)  '68 Womens Open

-  Huron Shores Golf Club, Port Sanilac, MI (1925) ?  with Connellan 

-  Meadowbrook Country Club, Northville, MI ( original 12 hole addtn. 1920's) ?  with Connellan '54 PGA

-  Grosse Ile, Grosse Ile, MI ( 9) ?

-  Huron...., Ann Arbor, MI ?

-  Western G&CC, Redford, MI ?   Western Open 1960 

-  Blythefield CC, Belmont, MI ?   Western Open 1961 

-   Red Run GC, Royal Oak, MI ?

-  Jupiter Island Club, Hope Sound, FL   (1940's added 9 ? w/George Blagg )  (9 Donald Ross 1916)

-   And others

     REMODELED COURSES  ( remodeled, renovated or redesigned  (R) by W.E. Reid )


-  Windsor, Ontario ( R possibly Essex G&CC ) with Bertie Way & Connellan ca 1917 


-  Seacroft Club at Skegness ( R original Tom Dunn 9 )  Skegness, England  (1902) *

-  Banstead Downs Links, Sutton, Surrey, England  (1911 R original James Braid 18 ) *             

United States

-  Del Monte CC No. 1, Monterey, CA (R 1916)  with Walter Fovargue & James Donaldson *

-  Brae Burn Country Club, West Newton, MA (possibly R ca 1918 - unlikely )                             

    Brother-in-law Tellier was the pro in 1918    WER played there in 1919 US Open finishing T21st 

-  The Broadmoor GC ( R original East Course ) Colorado Springs, CO ( R ca1936) *

-  Ashtabula Golf Club, Ashtabula, Ohio (1923) with Bertie Way *  ( & Connellan ? )  

-  Birmingham Country Club, Birmingham, MI  ( R 1928) with Connellan *

-  Orchard Lake Country Club,  Orchard Lake, MI  ( R 1928)  with Connellan *   (1926 C.H. Alison)

-  Beverly Country Club, Chicago, IL ( R ca 1933) *

-  Tam O' Shanter CC, Orchard Lake, MI (Redesigned 1929) with Connellan *  (1925 C.H. Alison) 

-  Grosse Ile Golf and Country Club, Grosse Ile, MI ( R traps 1920's) with Connellan *

-  Bloomfield Hills Country Club, Bloomfield Hills, MI ( R ca 1923 ) with Conellan (1913 Harry Colt) *

-  Plum Hollow Country Club, Southfield, MI ( Redesigned 1925 by Reid & Connellan ) *   

    ( Original design 1921 Colt & Alison) *  (1957 Western Open, Ryder Cup, Top 100, PGA) 

-  Gaylord Country Club, Gaylord, MI (R 1949)   

-  General Oglethorpe Hotel GC (now Savannah CC), Wilmington Island, GA ( R 1940's)

-  Tam O' Shanter CC, West Bloomfield, MI ( R 1955) * 

-  Possibly Atlantic City CC in New Jersey,  La Gorce CC in Miami Beach  

-   And  others


1.  National Open Article, June 10, 1919




1.  Geoffrey S. Cornish and Ronald E. Whitten  The Architects of Golf  (Harper Collins 1993), pg. 79 & throughout.   Also, The Golf Course  (The Rutledge Press 1981 & 1988), pg. 74, 88. 

2.  Rand Jerris, USGA   Golf's Golden Age:  Bobby Jones and the Legendary Players of the 20's and 30's

3.  .......?   Herbert Warren Wind  The Story of American Golf  ( Simon and Schuster 1956), 96-97. 136.

4.  Flaherty, Tom  The U. S. Open (1895-1965)  (Dutton 1966), 27-29, 43, 200-201.

5.  Edited by Laurence Viney  The Royal and Ancient Book of Golf Records ( Macmillan Press 1991 ), 15, 157, 209.

6.  www.seacroft-golfclub.co.uk/history

7.  Williams, Bill  Vardon in America ( Xlibris 2016 ), ix-xi, 21-22, 47-48, 50, 60, 65, 105, 108 

8.  Williams, Bill  Harry Vardon  - A Career Record of a Champion Golfer ( Xlibris 2015 ), Foreword

9.  Whitten, Ron  "Golf Digest Course Critic: Seaview Marriott Resort & Spa, Galloway Township, N.J."  Archived from the original on 2006-10-30, Retrieved 2006-11-15

10.  Parish of Cramond Census dtd. 31/3/1901, pg. 18

11.  Zmistowski, Bill  "True Renaissance Man",  USGA Golf Journal,  July 1994, pgs. 29-31

12.  Vardon, Herd, Duncan, Reid, Ayton and Ouimet  Success At Golf   ( Little, Brown and Company 1914 Boston, U.S.A. ) The Use of the Mashie, pg. 65-81.  Originally Vardon, Herd, Duncan, Reid, White, Ball and Ayton Success At Golf  (Fry's Magazine Limited ) The Use of the Mashie, pgs. 57-72

13.  Trenham, Peter C., A Chronicle of the Philadelphia Section PGA and its Members

14.  Conversation with Wilfrid Reid's daughter, Joan Reid Zmistowski, 1999

15.  Reid, W. E.,  personal stationery, ca 1960

delete?    15.  Shackelford Geoff, The Golder Age of Golf Design, pg. 129     ...delete [3]...

16.  "Indianwood Golf and Country Club and the USGA",  Official Course Map and Guide - 1989 U.S. Women's Open Championship. 

17.  Jones, Jr., Robert Tyre, Personal Letter to Wilfrid Reid, August 2, 1965

18.  ......?   Shackelford, Geoff  The Golden Age of Golf  Design, pg. 129

19.  Royal and Ancient Championship Records 1860-1980 Edited by Peter Ryde, ( Royal and Ancient Golf Club St. Andrews 1981 ), pgs. 33-44

20.  Shackelford, Geoff, The Golden Age of Golf Design ( Sleeping Bear Press 1999 ) pgs. 189, 200-202  ....about Reid and Indianwood ........

21.  Davvy Hoffman, America's Greatest Golf Courses ( The Image Bank, 1987 )  Olympic Club (Lake Course) San Francisco, pgs. 94-97

22.  History - The Royal Golf Club of Belgium, Retrieved 6/6/2018 www.rgcb.be/en_visit_history.html

23.  Wilfrid Reid Returns from America, The Nottingham Evening News, Saturday, August 4, 1956

24.  Seymour Dunn, Retrieved 6/7/2018 ....................

25.  Darwin, Bernard, The Golf Courses of the British Isles, Facsimile of the 1910 Edition ( about Hollinwell ) pgs. 138-139

26.  Ibid., ( about Barnton ) pgs. 199-201

27.  Steel, Donald,  Classic Golf Links of England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland, Chapman Publishers 1992, pgs 94-95.

28.  Patrick Seelig, Historic Golf Courses (Taylor Publishing 1994)  Olympic Club, Lake Course pgs 127-130

29.  Adams, John, The Parks of Musselburgh:  Golfers, Architects, Clubmakers, Grant Books 1991

30.  https://www.planetgolf.com/courses/england/sunningdale-golf-club/old-course   
       Retrieved September 24, 2018

31.  Michigan PGA Championship - Wikipedia 7/22/18, 9:56 PM

32.  Ralph Webb letter, Nov. 9, 1988

33.  Jean Poindexter Colby, The 1913 United States Open Championship Held at The Country Club, Cranberry Graphics Inc., First Edition 1988.

34.  PGA Michigan Section, 2015 Inductees, Wilfrid E. Reid        www.michiganpgagolf.com/?s=Wilfrid+Reid May 19, 2019

35.  The Olympic Club of San Francisco 1860/1960 Centennial, The James H. Barry Co.,  pg. 35 photos   

36.  Ibid, pgs. 34-35 and 124-127   

37.  Bernard Darwin, The Golf Courses of the British Isles, Storey Communications Ailsa, Inc., 1988 (A Facsimile of the Original 1910 Edition)  pg. 138

38.  1930 Western Open Golf Championship Souvenir Program, Western Golf Association, pg. 23

39.  J.I.B. Jones,  Del Monte No. 2 at Pebble Beach Version 1,   www.golfhistoricalsociety.org   Retrieved June 24, 2019

40.  Ibid, 101 Years of Golf at Pebble Beach 1918-2019,,  Retrieved June 24, 2019

41.  Ibid, W. Herbert Fowler at Del Monte No. 2 at Pebble Beach, Retrieved June 24, 2019

42.  Charles Price, The World of Golf, Randon House 1962, pgs 94, 95, 196

43.  Alan Booth, HONOR & GLORY Arnold Palmer's Guide to the 1995 Ryder Cup, History of the Ryder Cup, Crow International Ltd. London 1995, pgs 37-38

44.  Chris Homer, Chris@OldGolfClubs.com email, 11 July 2016

45.  Tom Doak, The Confidential Guide to Golf Courses, Sleeping Bear Press 1996, pg. 256

46. No.?  Boston Globe Newspaper, 1913

47.  100 Years of Pebble Beach Golf Links, Bauer Consumer Media Limited, pgs. 4-7 www.golfworldtop100.com/features/100-years-of-pebble-beach   retrieved April 2, 2020

William Zmistowski, Jr. AIA Emeritus, NCARB
Mesa, Arizona   USA  

+1 (480) 924 9563


Other References


Good Wording:       Brae Burn Country Club, founded in 1897, is located in West Newton, Massachusetts. The club's storied past and integral role in advancing the sport of golf in America, has established Brae Burn as one of the most prestigious country clubs in the Northeast.

Brae Burn provides Boston-area golf enthusiasts and families with a quality experience steeped in tradition, natural beauty, and personalized service.

Brae Burn has been the site of some historic golf moments, serving as the host of four major tournaments of the United States Golf Association. Walter Hagen won the U.S. Open in 1919, Ray Gorton challenged Bobby Jones in the U.S. Amateur in 1928, and U.S. Women’s Amateur Championships were won by Harriot Curtis in 1906, Beth Daniel in 1975, and Silvia Cavalleri in 1997. Brae Burn hosted Curtis Cup Matches in 1958 and 1970. MGA Amateur victories by Francis Ouimet in 1914 and Eddie Stimpson in 1935 are also highlights in Brae Burn’s rich history.

95th Top 100 Classic Courses (Golfweek) - 2018                    

Additional facts:

-  ( or the 1928 Michigan PGA Championship won by Em Kocsis )

-  Designed over 100 golf courses from Seacroft in 1901 until his last project before retiring, remodeling Gaylord CC in MI in 1953 ?

-  WER completed 72 holes in a total of 19 British and U.S. Opens

-  The strength of the Old Course at Indianwood as a demanding test of golf is evidenced by the fact it has hosted some top tier championships and national opens beginning with the Western Open Championship in 1930 which was then considered the third major in the world of golf.  The Western Golf Association immediately recognized Indianwood as a great test of golf and selected it as the venue for the 1930 Western Open Championship.  The USGA selected Indianwood 'Old' as the venue for the 1994 and 2003 United States Womens Opens and again for the 2012 United States Senior Open.  Many    Michigan Opens ?   and Michigan PGA Championships have been played at Indianwood Old for years as well.  

-  Seaview paragraph

-  Head Golf Professional at:

    Seacroft Golf Club, Segness, England
    The Racing Club de France at La Boulie, Versailles, France
    Banstead Downs Golf Club, Sutton, Surrey, England
    Seaview Country Club, Absecon, NJ
    Wilmington Country Club, Wilmington, DE
    Country Club of Detroit, Grosse Pointe Farms, MI
    The Indianwood Club, Lake Orion, MI
    Seminole Golf Club, Juno Beach, FL winters (ca 1936-42)
    The Broadmoor Hotel Golf Club, Colorado Springs, CO  (1934-41*)
    St. Augustine CC, St. Augustine, FL winter  (ca 1920's)
    General Oglethorpe Hotel Golf Club, Savannah, GA  (1942-? *)
    Atlantic City CC, Atlantic City, NJ  (1946-48*)
    Gaylord Country Club, Gaylord, MI
    Retired in the 1950's 

-  Teaching Pro at:
    La Gorce  , Miami Beach, FL ( ca1928 )
    Beverly CC, Chicago, IL ( ca 1933-34 )
    Marshall Fields Department Store, Chicago, IL ( ca 1933-34)

-  1906,7,8,9,10,11,12,13 & 14 played for England in the International Matches England v Scotland, never losing a match

-  Midland Open Champion 1910, 11, 12, 13 & 14

-  1911 Midland Professional Championship at Harborne GC, Birmingham - winner

 - Designed Water's Edge Golf Course, Grosse Ile, MI (9 holes);  Fox Hills Golf & Banquet Center ?  

-  Remodeled ? 
- 1912 French Open - 13th *

-  Hagen won the 1928 Michigan PGA at Indianwood, Sarazen won the 1930 Western Open at Indianwood 

-  1919 PGA Championship - T9 *  ??                    

-  La Valley Course (possibly in collaboration with Willie Park, Jnr.)

-  Reid possibly collaborated with Seymour Dunn on original RGCB design; however' Dunn was in Lake Placid, NY designing and building the Lake Placid Club lower course in 1905-06 *   Reid may have only remodeled RGCdeB... doubtful ???


Born:  1884 in Bulwell, Nottinghamshire, England
Died:  1973 in West Palm Beach, Florida, USA


Grew up in Bulwell on the edge of Sherwood Forest.  Robin Hood's tree was barely in sight in the distance from his home course.  Served apprenticeships at Edinburgh Burgess Golfing Society in Scotland.  Emigrated to America with family in tow in 1915.  A lifetime head golf professional in England, France and America, international competitive golfer and designed or remodeled approximately 100 golf courses.  Lifetime member of the PGA of America.  Retired in the 1950's to West Palm Beach, Florida.

British golf professional Wilfrid Reid was a protege of Harry Vardon.  After immigrating and becoming a naturalized citizen he represented America in 1921 along with Walter Hagen, Captain XXXX XXXX and the other team members in the forerunner to the Ryder Cup played at Gleneagles, Scotland against the British team, Vardon, Ray, J.H. Taylor, Havers, Braid et al.   Reid won his singles match over reigning British Open Champion Arthur Havers in America's loss to Great Britain.  

Reid played in 57 national opens winning the French, Swiss, Italian Opens, also the Michigan and Augusta Open defeating Gene Sarazen.   He completed 72 holes a total of 19 times in The British and U.S. Open Championships.   

Primarily a club pro in England and France, then in America at Seminole Golf Club, Country Club of Detroit, the Broadmoor in Colorado and other fine clubs, Reid was one of the true pioneers of golf in America.  

Wilfrid Reid was also responsible for the original design or remodeling of approximately 100 golf courses beginning as a teenage apprentice under Willie Park Jnr. at Edinburgh Burgess Golfing Society in Scotland.  He designed such famous layouts as the original Olympic Club, site of five U.S. Opens, The Indianwood Club site of four national championships, RCF de la Boille site of many French Open and Amateur Championships, as well as a host of others in England, France, Belgium, Canada and America.  

He was a renowned golf instructor as well.  Some of his pupils included Sir Winston Churchill, King Leopold II of Belgium, King Edward VII and VIII of England, President Warren G. Harding, Joyce Wethered and Harvey Ward.  Perhaps his greatest legacy was the creation of The Indianwood Club in Michigan just prior to the Great Depression in America.  Indianwood struggled, but has now been fully resurrected thanks to entrepreneur, B. Standart Aldridge of Bloomfield Hills, MI.

Wilfrid Reid was inducted into the Michigan Golf Hall of Fame and Michigan PGA Golf Hall of Fame.

Wilfrid and his contemporaries deserve our thanks for all they did to spread the institution and great game of golf during both of "Golf's Golden Ages".  

Author:   Bill Zmistowski is the grandson of Wilfrid Reid, son of  Joan Reid Zmistowski.  


     * * * * * * * * * * * * * *