Wilfrid E. Reid  (1884 - 1973)

Wilfrid Ewart Reid, PGA

Golf Professional, International Competitor and Golf Course Designer

Biography

Wilfrid Reid accomplished a great deal to advance the game of golf in his lifetime.  Look at the reach of golf now as a result of the energy and dedication of his generation, the generation that sparked the Golden Age of Golf in America, the vast international growth of the sport and the resulting goodwill that golf engenders throughout much of the world today.  This was his often stated dream.  

                                                                                                                    By:  Bill Zmistowski, Grandson



                                                                 D R A F T     November 1, 2017


Golf professional Wilfrid E. Reid was one of the British pioneers that brought golf over during what is now acknowledged as the "Golden Age of Golf in America".  He was a dedicated club professional first and foremost, as well as a prominent international competitor, an exceptional golf instructor and one of the accomplished golf course designers of his era.  Wilfrid Reid was in a modest way a true renaissance man and prolific pioneer during the era of golf's introduction and spread throughout America and around the world. [11  

Young Wilfrid Reid was mentored by and the protege of one of golf's greatest icons, Harry Vardon.  

At age 15 Wilfrid worked as an assistant golf professional at his home course at the old Notts Golf Club course in Bulwell, Nottinghamshire, England.  In 1901 at age 17 he was referred to Seacroft Golf Club by Harry Vardon for his first head golf professional position. [7] [8]   Seacroft GC, located in Skegness on the East Coast of England, had strong ties to his hometown, Nottingham, in middle England. [6]  At that time teenage Wilfrid Reid had become known as "the Skegness Professional". 

A few years later Harry Vardon referred Wilfrid Reid to the Racing Club de France for the head golf professional position at La Boulie in Versailles where he remained for several years (circa 1902-1905) assisting this renown Parisian athletic club with the establishment of their golf program.  RCF de la Boulie was founded in 1901.  Wilfred  designed the original Valley course.  He might possibly have been their first golf professional but RCF de la Boulie does not have records of this period as the Nazi's occupied the clubhouse and destroyed all of the club's records during WWII.

As an international competitor Reid completed 72 holes in a total of 19 Open and U.S. Open Championships ( 10 British & 9 U. S. Opens ) beginning at age 18, only missing the cut twice in his early years and holding or tied for the lead 5 times.  His best finish was 4th in the 1916 U.S. Open won by Chick Evans at Minikahda in Minneapolis.  Reid played in approximately 57 Opens.  He won the 1905 French Professional Championship (forerunner to the French Open the next year), Italian Open, 1904 Swiss Open and the Windsor Open in Canada.  He also competed in the Belgian Open, German Open, won the 1924 Augusta Open ( Georgia ) defeating Gene Sarazen, won the 1926 Michigan PGA Championship and other professional championships and challenge matches including many in England prior to emigrating to the U.S.  Reid was a great player of challenge matches and exhibition matches for years in both Great Britain and America.  He beat his mentor, Vardon, and other members of golf's Great Triumvirant on a few occasions.

In 1913 Wilfrid Reid sailed to America with Vardon and Ted Ray to compete in the U. S. Open at The Country Club in Brookline.  The Boston Globe newspaper called this the 'British Invasion'.  Of course the young American amateur, Francis Ouimet, won this defining championship.  Reid tied with Ted Ray for low qualifier, then shared the 36 hole lead at 147 with Harry Vardon.  Wilfrid was paired with Francis Ouimet in the third round at Brookline. [2}  However, as a result of an altercation with Ted Ray in their hotel dining room at the Copley Plaza the night before, he faltered and finished tied for 16th.  In 1915 he tied for 10th at Baltusrol, then in the 1916 U. S. Open he was tied for the lead with Evans after 45 holes when his drive on the 10th hole struck a spectator and he fell back eventually finishing in a tie for 4th.  After Brookline Vardon, Ray and Reid traveled up and down the East Coast as planned, playing exhibition matches against the likes of Walter Hagen, Tommy Armour, Freddie McCloud, Johnny McDermott and other American golf professionals before returning home to London.  This venture to America essentially to promote the game of golf was financed by a leading British golf equipment company owner.

At the time Reid was the golf professional at Banstead Downs Golf Club in the London Borough of Sutton, County of Surrey, the home club of Sir Winston Churchill, where he remained for 9 seasons.  As a working club professional he was at the top of his profession in England and involved in all aspects of British professional golf including teaching, competition at the highest level, war benefit fund-raising and active participation in the newly formed British PGA.  He continued designing and remodeling golf courses, especially in France during this phase of his career and authored the 4th chapter entitled "The Use of the Mashie" in Harry Vardon's book, Success At Golf. [12]   Wilfrid tied Harry Vardon for the 1911 Tooting Beck Cup hosted by Banstead Downs GC, but lost in the 18 hole playoff shooting 78 to Vardon's 76.  

However, with the onset of WWI the British golf pros were more willing to consider moving to America.  In 1915 Clarence H. Geist of Philadelphia recruited Wilfrid to move his family to the United States from London to become the golf professional at the new Seaview CC in Absecon, New Jersey. [9]  Seaview was the weekend club for Philadelphians.  Since appearing in the 1913 US Open he had turned down three offers from America but eventually accepted the appointment to Seaview.  Wilfrid's older brother, Arthur, his brother-in-laws Louis Tellier and George Blagg also made the voyage at various times and each initially served as first assistants at Ardsley-on-Hudson in New York when they came over.

Subsequently, Wilfrid became the club professional at Wilmington CC in Delaware the following year at the behest of Irenee du Pont I, then president of the DuPont Company.   This was part of a well publicized three-way move by Reid, Gil Nicholls and Jolly Jim Fraser swapping jobs.  Wilfrid was the head pro at Willimingotn CC for about 7 years, Nicholls went to Seaview and Fraser to Long Island ??????.

Reid's career in America as a club professional included positions at some of America's finest clubs and top resorts not the least of which was Seminole Golf Club in Juno Beach, Florida, Country Club of Detroit, Atlantic City Country Club, Wilmington CC in Delaware, The Broadmoor Hotel Golf Club in Colorado, The General Ogelthorp in Savannah and of course The Indianwood Club (now Indianwood Golf and Country Club) in Michigan.  

Wilfrid was co-founder and creator of The Indianwood Club with the land owner and banker, Frank Blair, a sweet equity investor, the golf professional and the designer of the golf course now know as the Old Course ( 1925 ), a classic links-like golf course located in a rare, sandy area in the woods north of Detroit.  This was Wilfrid Reid's big move in life, his dream and a lifetime opportunity for him.

A highly respected venue from the outset, Indianwood's Old Course has served as the site of four major national championships including the 1930 Western Open which in those days was considered the third major championship in all of golf following the British and U.S. Opens.  Immediately recognized as a great test of golf suitable for competition at the highest level, The Michigan PGA Championship was played at Indianwood in 1928 just 3 years after the course opened.  Since it's rebirth after recovery from the lingering effects of the Stock Market crash and Depression Indianwood has hosted the 1989 and 1994 U.S. Womens Open Championships and the 2012 U.S. Senior Open Championship under the exceptional leadership and nurturing of owner, B. Standart Aldridge.

At Indianwood Reid partnered with family friend, prominent turf farm owner and course construction contractor, William Connellan, to design and build the Old Course.   Reid sculpted all 18 holes in clay, used little sticks for trees, pieces of mirror for lakes, then sent the clay model(s) to Detroit to be scaled and drawn accurately by draftsmen for use by the WM. CONNELLAN COMPANY's construction crew. [14]  In those days teams of horses were used by the construction crew to do the grading and sculpting of the ground.  Reid's advertisement in the Program when the 1930 Western Open was held at Indianwood read  "W. E. REID - ARCHITECT AND DESIGNER OF INDIANWOOD COURSE AND MANY OTHER FINE GOLF COURSES IN AMERICA AND ABROAD."  Together the Reid and Connellan partnership went on to design-build many courses in Michigan in the 1920's and early 30's.  Connellan had once worked as a golf course superintendent in NY and as a construction superintendent for Donald Ross.  Eventually Reid's total golf course design work numbered approximately 58 new and 43 remodeled courses in France, Belgium, England, Canada and across the United States.  

In ca 1905 Reid designed the Royal Belgique Club de Golf course at Ravenstein in Brussels.  While head golf professional at La Boulie (The Racing Club of France) in Versailles, Reid designed La Boulie's Valley Course ca.1903-4 where he was assisted by Msr. Tellier, the golf course superintendent at La Boulie, and his son Louis Tellier who went on to become the French Open Champion ( as well as Reid's brother-in-law ).  These design opportunities were, no doubt, the result of Wilfrid's background which included work on his first golf course design project remodeling the original 9 holes at Skegness on the southeast coast of England in 1901-1902.  

A census record recently discovered in Scotland documents the fact that in 1901 as a 16 year old from Bulwell, Reid was a boarder in a private residence in the Parish of Cramond, District of Edinburg, evidence of Wilfrid's apprenticeship in Cramond with Willie Park, Jnr. that year learning the fine points of golf course design at Edinburgh Burgess Golf Society's new course at Barnton in Cramond, Midlothian which Park, Jnr. had recently designed.  [10]   Coincidently, in 1900 Park Jnr. had worked nearby in north Nottinghamshire designing the new Notts Golf Club, Hollinwell Course.   In 1901 the club moved from Wilfrid's home course at the old Notts Golf Club course in Bulwell, renamed Bulwell Forest Golf Club, to Willie Park's new Notts Golf Club, Hollinwell course.

Wilfrid Reid was one of the original members of the PGA of America in 1916 and most likely involved in it's formation. [13]  He was one of the three members of the PGA Executive Committee from the Southeast Section.  Wilfrid was a dedicated member and proudly served the PGA of America throughout his career.  After retiring he was awarded a lifetime honorary membership in the 1960's.  He served as president of the Michigan Section of the PGA in 1928-30.  He was inducted into the Michigan PGA Hall of Fame in 2015.  He was also an active member of the British PGA which was founded in 1901 in London.

In 1917 Wilfrid Reid designed the Lake Course at The Olympic Club in San Francisco, California.  He designed the course, originally the Lakeside Country Club, in his 17th year of golf course design since his apprenticeship with Willie Park Jnr. in Edinburgh, Scotland.  On the Lake Course Reid worked together with golf professional, Walter Fovargue, a colleague from Philadelphia who had moved to San Francisco.  Reid and Fovargue each went on to design a number of golf courses during their individual careers, Reid designing or remodeling approximately 100 golf courses and Fovargue went on to design a number of courses in California and Japan.  The Olympic Club does not give credit to Reid and Fovargue for their original 1917 design of the Lake Course.  In 1924 the Lake Course remodeling was designed by Willie Watson and built by the club's course superintendent, Sam Whiting.  Whiting also remodeled the course again in 1927 and it was subsequently remodeled a number of times by R. T. Jones Sr., Tom Weiskopf,  Jay Morrish and others.

In 1918 Wilfrid won or was simply the medalist in the benefit Red Cross substitute tournamnet for the U. S. Open, cancelled due to WWI, which was played at Inwood CC on Long Island in New York.  This was perhaps when he "peaked" as a competitive professional golfer.  Unfortunately, it was during WWI.  The "renaissance man" always seemed to have been dealing with challenges such as both World Wars, the beginning of golfs various institutions, inaugural golf tournaments, championships and competitions, the Depression in America, the significant demands of being a club pro and supporting his family in an era when the golf profession was in it's infancy and evolving.  Fortunately for Wilfrid and his cohorts golf and the establishment of golf clubs was rapidly developing as a major institution and sport with great appeal, presenting them with many opportunities.

On 6 June 1921 Wilfrid E. Reid of Wilmington, Delaware represented America along with Walter Hagen et al in the First Professional International Golf Match at The Glascow Herald Tournament between America and Great Britain at the Kings Course in Gleneagles, Scotland. This was the predecessor of the official Ryder Cup Matches which were renamed when Samuel Ryder donated the cup for the third playing of the matches in 1927.  Records indicate that Reid won his singles match against reigning British Open champion, Arthur Havers, in America's 1921, 10-1/2 to 4-1/2 loss to Great Britain.  Earlier that year Wilfrid E. Reid had passed the U. S. citizenship test with high marks after having attended citizenship classes, studying diligently and then proudly taking the Oath of Allegiance.  He was pronounced a naturalized citizen of the United States of America by the Circuit Court Judge, officially qualifying him to represent America at Gleneagles.

The 1930 Western Open won by Gene Sarazen was hosted at Indianwood under Reid's direction as the club professional.  Subsequently, with the disasterous economy the Indianwood development failed and Wilfrid then moved his family to Chicago, took a job as the teaching pro at Beverly Country Club in Chicago and also taught golf at Marshall Fields, a downtown department store, to make ends meet.

Colorado Governor Will Nicholson went to Chicago in 1934 to offer the head golf professional job at The Broadmoor to Wilfrid.  He became the summer pro at The Broadmoor Hotel Golf Club, a fabulous new resort in Colorado Springs, Colorado. 

At this point Reid was also presented with the opportunity to become the 2nd club professional at Seminole Golf Club during the winter.  An exclusive seasonal golf club in South Florida closed during summers, Seminole, designed by Donald Ross, is considered one of the world's finest courses and clearly one of the finest clubs in golf.  Reid served the club well as the Head Pro.  Seminole is essentially a golfers club and Wilfrid's talents as a fine golfer and instructor undoubtedly contributed to his success at Seminole, not to mention his manners as a proper English gentleman.  He and his family lived on property in the living quarters provided for the golf professional in the clubhouse.  His time at Seminole served as an introduction to South Florida which would ultimately become his retirement home and that of his family.  As mentioned above, brother-in-law, George Blagg became the long-time golf professional at another fine club nearby, the Jupiter Island Club.  World War II Nazi submarines cruising along the Southeast Florida coastline possibly played a role in the Reid's ultimate move inland, back to New Jersey in 1946.

Returning to the greater Philadelphia area, Reid became the head golf professional at Atlantic City CC.

Once in America, Wilfrid was often referred to in the newspaper as a "British star" or a "famed international golfer and instructor".  In addition to his competitive accomplishments he was considered an outstanding golf instructor.  He once estimated that he had given lessons for approximately 300,000 hours.  President Warren G. Harding ( at Seaview ), Winston Churchill ( at Bansted Downs ),  Joyce Wheathered, the Duke of Windsor, Belgium's King Leopold II, Dick Chapman, Michigan LPGA standout and granddaughter, Pat Devany, Ohio Governor Cox ( at La Gorce ), Harvey Ward ( in San Francisco ), Rhonda Glenn ( at Palm Beach Par 3 ) and yours truely were among his thousands of pupils.  At La Boulie in Paris he also gave lessons to the mysterious Mr. Chesterfield ( the assumed name of England's King Edward VII ).

Bobby Jones was one of Wilfrid's dear friends during their later years along with many of his fellow golf pros including Chick Harbert, Gardner Dickenson and others who eventually found themselves retired in South Florida. His lifelong personal friends included Chick Evans, Charlie Mayo, Walter Hagen, "Long Jim Barnes", Tommy Armour, Bobby Crukshank, Gil Nicholls, Al Watrous, Jock Hutchison, Leo Diegel and Leo Fraser.  His older brother, Arthur E. Reid, was long-time golf professional at The CC of Farmington in Hartford, Connecticut, brother-in-laws Louis Tellier was at Braeburn CC and Canoe Brook, George Blagg was the golf professional at Jupiter Island Club; son-in-law Joe Devany, a Michigan PGA Hall of Fame Inductee, at Grosse Ile Golf and Country Club on Grosse Ile.  Other close friends included Jack Elphick, Bertie Way, Harvey Ward, Jack Burke, Dow Finsterwald, his former assistants Porky Oliver and Warren Orlick.

The Reids ( original surname Read ) from Bulwell, Nottinghamshire, England were Scottish descendants.  Wilfrid had caddied at the old Notts Golf Club and played golf with his father, Arthur E. Sr, and grandfather, Alfred Read, who were noted golfers and his brother at the working class golf course eventually renamed Bulwell Forest Links, as a young boy.  Beginning at age 15 the Bulwell Artisans sent him to Edinburgh Burgess Golf Society in Edinburgh, Scotland to be an apprentice and learn golf club and gutta percha ball making under Tommy Armour's father Willie Armour.  He won the Bulwell Artisans Club tournament that year.  At age 16 he was sent to Edinburgh to learn golf course layout and design under Willie Park, Jnr.  Coincidently, Park Jnr. was designing the new Notts GC, Hollinwell course which opened in 1901. [1]  Then Reid turned professional at age 16 which in those days was done primarily to make or repair and sell golf clubs and golf balls.   His arch rival at home in Nottingham was always Tom Williamson.  Ultimately, Wilfrid went on to dominate tournament golf in the Midlands while he was there with the possible exception of occasional losses to his brother Arthur Jr, Williamson and members of the Great Triumvirate, Vardon, Braid and Taylor.  Wilfrid won the Midland Challenge Cup in 1910, 11, 12, 13 and 14, plus others such as the Sphere and Tater, etc.  He played for England in the International Matches against Scotland each year from 1906 to 1914 (never losing a match) and in the 1908 Coronation Matches as well.  He was frequently victorious in professional challenge matches which were very popular in that era of golf history. 

Wilfrid often talked of his admiration for the golf course at Cruden Bay.  He predicted that Arnold Palmer would never last with 'a swing like that'.  Of course Wilfrid had a very fluid, somewhat 'wristy' swing characteristic of the old hickory shaft era of golf.   Although a perfect English gentleman, Wilfrid was in the newspaper often with his occasionally flamboyant personal style characteristic of the golf professionals of that era ( ala Hagen, etc.) in America.  He gave Palm Beach Post Times sports writer Bob Balfe plenty of material for years and of course greatly admired Arnie.  

One of his many insightful beliefs was revealed in a newspaper interview as follows... "To King, President or Pauper, golf is a leveler of all mankind.  It cultivates the finer innermost senses of men and places those in lowly places on a plain not excelled by the highest.  It creates sooner or later, the one great definer, control of ones actions, words and balanced deeds.  Surely a great teacher." 

After retiring in West Palm Beach, Fla. he was fondly known as "Wilfie" at PGA National and frequently played in the PGA Seniors over in Dunedin, Fla., often bettering his age.  His shots were deadly accurate to the extent that he played the break when hitting a 3 wood to the green.  He recorded at least 27 holes in one ( 36 as I recall ).  Brother-in-law, George Blagg, originally of Nottingham also, became the oldest living member of the PGA of America living in South Florida to the ripe old age of almost 101 years of age.  As a boy George had worked in the coal mines of Nottinghamshire, but nonetheless obviously still survived the environmental attacks on his body and ultimately became a golf professional and the head professional at one of the finest clubs in America for years.

Eventually Reid was posthumously inducted into the Michigan Golf Hall of Fame in 1985 and the Michigan PGA Hall of Fame in 2015.  The Michigan PGA website writes this about him:

Wilfrid E. Reid, a world-class golfer and renowned golf course designer from England, visited the United States with golf legends Ted Ray and Harry Vardon in 1913 to play in the U.S. Open Championship, and later emigrated and worked at several golf clubs as a professional, including Country Club of Detroit. He was one of the original members of the PGA of America, served on the National Executive Committee of the PGA of America as vice-president at large, vice-president in 1920 and 1921 and was a member of the organizing committee of the Philadelphia Section of the PGA of America. He was president of the Michigan Section from 1928-30.

As an elderly man like Arnold Palmer, Wilfrid Reid, who had competed in over 50 national open championships throughout Europe and America, simply loved to play golf.  So much so that he still played almost every day at the Palm Beach Par 3 golf course in South Florida for many years, often with his grandsons.  What a great game this is!


Tournament Record:

Great Britain 

   The (British) Open Championship - 1903...

   1906 Tooting Bec Cup - Runner up to William Lonie *

   1911 Tooting Bec Cup - Runner up to Harry Vardon in 18 hole playoff *

   Midland Challenge Cup - winner 1910, 11, 12, 13 and 14 *


Europe

    French Professional Championship - winner 1904 or 05 *

    Italian Open - winner ca 1905

    Swiss Open - winner 1904

    German Open - winner ca 1911 ?

    Belgian Open - winner ca 1911 ?

    French Open - 1912 13th *  (1906 inaugural at la Boulie)


United States and Canada

    U. S. Open Championship - 1913 T14th, 1915 T10th, 1916 T4th, 1919 

    Windsor Ontario Open - winner 1922

    Augusta Open - winner 1924

    Michigan Open - winner 1926 *



Golf  Courses designed by Wilfrid Reid:


    NEW COURSES  (originally designed by Reid)

England

-  Garretts Hall and others

France 

-  Racing Club de France (Valley Course), La Boulie, Versailles, Ile-de-France (ca 1903) *

    (R by Dunn & Park Jnr.) *

-  Golf de Cannes, La Napoule (ca 190?) *

-  Golf Club d'Aix les Bains, Aix-les-Bains (1904) *

-  Ile de Berder du Golf, Brittany (ca 1905) 

-  Pont St. Maxence du Golf, Pont-Sainte-Maxence (190?)

Belgium

-  Royal Golf Club de Belgique, Ravenstein ( Old Course ) Brussels (1905), Dunn did not design the course *

United States

-  The Indianwood Club (Old Course), Lake Orion, MI  (1925) with Connellan *

-  The Olympic Club (original Lake Course), San Francisco, CA (1917) with Walter G. Fovargue *

-  DuPont Country Club, Wilmington, DE (9 holes 1921) *

-  Wilmington Country Club (now Ed Oliver GC), Wilmington, DE (ca 1920 ? ) ?

-  Wilmington Municipal Golf Course, Wilmington, DE 

-  Newark Country Club, Newark, DE (1921)

-  Brae Burn Golf Club, Plymouth, MI (1923) with Connellan *   

-  Harsens Island Golf Course, Harsens Island, MI (1926) with Connellan *

-  Bald Mountain Golf Course, Lake Orion, MI (1929) with Connellan *

-  Black River Country Club, Port Huron, MI (1922) with Connellan *  (Added 9)

-  Flushing Valley Golf Club, Flushing, MI (1930) with Connellan

-  Port Huron, MI

-  Bob O'Link, Novi, MI with Connellan   

-  West Chester, Ypsilanti, MI

-  Indian River GC, MI with Connellan (Added 9)

-  Gaylord Country Club, Gaylord, MI (1924) *  with Connellan  

-  Indian Springs, FL ?

And many others


    REMODELED COURSES  ( remodeled (R) or altered by Reid )

Canada

-Windsor, Ontario (R - possibly Essex G&CC with Bertie Way & Connellan early 1920's) 

England

-  Seacroft Golf Club (R original nine)  Skegness, England  (1902) *

-  Banstead Downs GC, Sutton Surrey, England  (ca 1914 ? ) *

-  Garrets Hall GC and others

United States

-  The Broadmoor GC (R East Course) Colorado Springs, CO (ca 1936) *

-  Birmingham Country Club, Birmingham, MI  (1928) with Connellan *

-  Orchard Lake Country Club, MI  (1928) with Connellan

-  Plum Hollow G&CC, Southfield, MI with Connellan

-  Beverly Country Club, Chicago, IL (ca 1932) *

-  Tam O'Shanter, Detroit, MI *

-  Grosse Ile Golf and Country Club (traps), Grosse Ile, MI *

-  Ashtabula Country Club, Ashtabula, OH (1920's) 


*  Verified


Links:

1.  National Open Article, June 10, 1919

 

 

Notes

1.  Geoffrey S. Cornish and Ronald E. Whitten  The Architects of Golf  (Harper Collins 1981, 1993),  throughout;  The Golf Course  (The Rutledge Press 1988)

2.  Herbert Warren Wind  The Story of American Golf  (Simon and Schuster 1956), 96-97.

3.  Geoff Shackelford  The Golden Age of Golf  Design .

4.  Flaherty, Tom  The U. S. Open [1895-1965]  ( E. P. Dutton & Co., Inc. 1966 ), 27-29, 43, 201.

5.  Edited by Laurence Viney  The Royal and Ancient Book of Golf Records ( Macmillan Press 1991 ), 15, 157, 209.

6.  www.seacroft-golfclub.co.uk/history

7.  Williams, Bill  Vardon in America ( Xlibris 2016 ), 45, 73 

8.  Williams, Bill  Harry Vardon  - A Career Record of a Champion Golfer ( Xlibris 2015 ), Foreword

9.  Whitten, Ron  "Golf Digest Course Critic: Seaview Marriott Resort & Spa, Galloway Township, N.J."  Archived from the original on 2006-10-30, Retrieved 2006-11-15

10.  Parish of Cramond Census dtd. 31/3/1901, pg. 18

11.  Zmistowski, Bill  "True Renaissance Man",  USGA Golf Journal,  July 1994

12.  Vardon, Herd, Duncan, Reid, Ayton and Ouimet  Success At Golf   ( Little, Brown and Company 1914 ), pg. 65-81.  Originally Vardon, Herd, Duncan, Reid, White, Ball and Ayton Success At Golf  (Fry's Magazine Limited ) The Use of the Mashie, pgs. 57-72

13.  Trenham, Peter C., A Chronicle of the Philadelphia Section PGA and its Members

14.  Conversation with W.E. Reid's daughter, Joan Reid Zmistowski, 1999

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Additional facts:


-  WER completed 72 holes in a total of 19 British and U.S. Opens

-  Club Pro, St. Augustine, FL or Melbourne, FL

-  The strength of the Old Course at Indianwood is evidenced by the fact it has hosted some top tier championships and national opens beginning with the Western Open Championship in 1930 which was then considered the third major in the world of golf.  The Western Golf Association immediately recognized Indianwood as a great test of golf and selected it as the venue for the 1930 Western Open Championship.  The USGA selected Indianwood 'Old' as the venue for the 1994 and 2003 United States Womens Opens and again for the 2012 United States Senior Open.  A number of Michigan Opens have been played at Indianwood Old as well.  

-  Seaview paragraph

-  Head Club Professional at:

    Seacroft Golf Club, Segness, England
    The Racing Club de France at La Boulie, Versailles, France
    Banstead Downs Golf Club, Sutton, Surrey, England
    Seaview Country Club, Absecon, NJ
    Wilmington Country Club, Wilmington, DE
    Country Club of Detroit, Grosse Point Farms, MI
    The Indianwood Club, Lake Orion, MI
    Seminole Golf Club, Juno Beach, FL
    The Broadmoor Hotel Golf Club, Colorado Springs, CO
    The General Oglethorpe Hotel Golf Club, Savannah, GA
    Atlantic City CC, Atlantic City, NJ
    Gaylord Country Club, Gaylord, MI
    Retired in the 1950's ?

-  Teaching Pro at:
    La Gorce  , Miami Beach, FL
    Beverly CC, Chicago, IL
    Marshall Fields Department Store, Chicago, IL


-  1906,7,8,9,10,11,12,13 & 14 played for England in the International Matches England v Scotland, never losing a match

-  Midland Open Champion 1910, 11, 12, 13 & 14

-  1911 Midland Professional Championship at Harborne GC, Birmingham - winner

 - Designed ?  Water's Edge;  Fox Hills Golf & Banquet Center; 

-  Remodeled ? 
   
- 1912 French Open - 13th

-